Melbourne

Melbourne is the capital of Victoria and is Australia’s second biggest city. The city was founded by free settlers in 1835. It was named in honour of William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne who was the British Prime Minister at the time. Melbourne experienced huge growth in the 1850’s due to the discovery of gold in Victoria. During the gold rush Melbourne operated as the major port servicing the gold regions. By 1865 Melbourne had overtaken Sydney as the largest city. This growth lasted for over 40 years, bringing great wealth to the city making the era know as ‘Marvellous Melbourne’.

Melbourne has been voted as the world’s most liveable city for seven consecutive years and is known as Australia’s ‘cultural capital’ due to its world class galleries, exhibitions, opera and theater. The city also embraces sport and in the 1850’s became the birthplace of, the now national sport, Australian Rules Football. The city’s key buildings and features include Flinder’s Street Station, Federation Square, National Gallery Victoria, Southbank, Melbourne Arts Centre and the Melbourne Star Observation Wheel.