Sydney is the capital of New South Wales and is Australia’s most populated city. The city was named after the British Secretary of State, Lord Sydney. The greater area of the city was inhabited by indigenous Australians for thousands of years prior to European settlement. Sydney was the first Australian city to be settled, as a penal colony, by the British with the arrival of the first fleet in 1788. The first fleet transported just over 1000 settlers with over 770 of them being convicts. The city now has a population of over 4.9M.

Sydney is now one of the most multicultural cities in the world with over 33 percent of its residents having been born overseas. Over half of its population are first or second generation immigrants. Sydney also attracts millions of tourists and visitors each year. The city’s features and attractions include the Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, Sydney Tower, Darling Harbour, The Rocks and The Royal Botanic Gardens.

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